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With Tesla battery packs and largest hydrogen tank in Japan, Panasonic tests a factory of the future


As a bullet prepare speeds by within the background, a liquid hydrogen tank towers over photo voltaic panels and hydrogen gas cells at Panasonic’s Kusatsu plant in Japan. Mixed with a Tesla Megapack storage battery, the hydrogen and photo voltaic can ship sufficient electrical energy to energy the positioning’s Ene-Farm gas cell manufacturing unit.

Tim Hornyak

As bullet trains whiz by at 285 kilometers per hour, Panasonic’s Norihiko Kawamura appears over Japan’s tallest hydrogen storage tank. The 14-meter construction looms over the Tokaido Shinkansen Line tracks exterior the traditional capital of Kyoto, in addition to a big array of photo voltaic panels, hydrogen gas cells and Tesla Megapack storage batteries. The facility sources can generate sufficient juice to run a part of the manufacturing website utilizing renewable vitality solely.

“This can be the largest hydrogen consumption website in Japan,” says Kawamura, a supervisor on the equipment maker’s Sensible Vitality System Enterprise Division. “We estimate utilizing 120 tons of hydrogen a yr. As Japan produces and imports increasingly more hydrogen sooner or later, this shall be a really appropriate sort of plant.”

Sandwiched between a high-speed railway and freeway, Panasonic’s manufacturing unit in Kusastsu, Shiga Prefecture, is a sprawling 52 hectare website. It was initially inbuilt 1969 to fabricate items together with fridges, one of many “three treasures” of family home equipment, together with TVs and washing machines, that Japanese coveted because the nation rebuilt after the devastation of World Conflict II.

Right now, one nook of the plant is the H2 Kibou Subject, an indication sustainable energy facility that began operations in April. It consists of a 78,000-liter hydrogen gas tank, a 495 kilowatt hydrogen gas cell array made up of 99 5kW gas cells, 570kW from 1,820 photovoltaic photo voltaic panels organized in an inverted “V” form to catch probably the most daylight, and 1.1 megawatts of lithium-ion battery storage.

On one facet of the H2 Kibou Subject, a big show signifies the quantity of energy being produced in actual time from gas cells and photo voltaic panels: 259kW. About 80% of the ability generated comes from gas cells, with photo voltaic accounting for the remaining. Panasonic says the ability produces sufficient energy to satisfy the wants of the positioning’s gas cell manufacturing unit — it has peak energy of about 680kW and annual utilization of some 2.7 gigawatts. Panasonic thinks it may be a template for the following technology of recent, sustainable manufacturing. 

“That is the primary manufacturing website of its variety utilizing 100% renewable vitality,” says Hiroshi Kinoshita of Panasonic’s Sensible Vitality System Enterprise Division. “We need to develop this resolution in direction of the creation of a decarbonized society.”

The 495kilowatt hydrogen gas cell array is made up of 99 5KW gas cells. Panasonic says it is the world’s first website of its variety to make use of hydrogen gas cells towards creating a producing plant operating on 100% renewable vitality.

Tim Hornyak

A man-made intelligence-equipped Vitality Administration System (EMS) robotically controls on-site energy technology, switching between photo voltaic and hydrogen, to attenuate the quantity of electrical energy bought from the native grid operator. For instance, if it is a sunny summer season day and the gas cell manufacturing unit wants 600kW, the EMS may prioritize the photo voltaic panels, deciding on a combination of 300kW photo voltaic, 200 kW hydrogen gas cells, and 100kW storage batteries. On a cloudy day, nevertheless, it’d decrease the photo voltaic part, and increase the hydrogen and storage batteries, that are recharged at night time by the gas cells.

“An important factor to make manufacturing greener is an built-in vitality system together with renewable vitality similar to photo voltaic and wind, hydrogen, batteries and so forth,” says Takamichi Ochi, a senior supervisor for local weather change and vitality at Deloitte Tohmatsu Consulting. “To do this, the Panasonic instance is near an excellent vitality system.”

With gray hydrogen, not completely inexperienced but

The H2 Kibou Subject just isn’t completely inexperienced. It relies on so-called gray hydrogen, which is generated from pure gasoline in a course of that may launch numerous carbon dioxide. Tankers haul 20,000 liters of hydrogen, chilled in liquid kind to minus 250 Celsius, from Osaka to Kusatsu, a distance of some 80 km, about as soon as per week. Japan has relied on international locations like Australia, which has larger provides of renewable vitality, for hydrogen manufacturing. However native provider Iwatani Company, which partnered with Chevron earlier this yr to construct 30 hydrogen fueling websites in California by 2026, has opened a know-how middle close to Osaka that’s targeted on producing green hydrogen, which is created with out the usage of fossil fuels.

One other subject that’s slowing adoption is price. Despite the fact that electrical energy is comparatively costly in Japan, it at present prices way more to energy a plant with hydrogen than utilizing energy from the grid, however the firm expects Japanese authorities and trade efforts to enhance provide and distribution will make the factor considerably cheaper.

“Our hope is that hydrogen price will go down, so we will obtain one thing like 20 yen per cubic meter of hydrogen, after which we will obtain price parity with {the electrical} grid,” Kawamura mentioned. 

Hydrogen market to grow 200-fold in next decade, predicts Goldman Sachs

Panasonic can be anticipating that Japan’s push to grow to be carbon-neutral by 2050 will increase demand for brand spanking new vitality merchandise. Its gas cell manufacturing unit at Kusatsu has churned out over 200,000 Ene-Farm pure gasoline gas cell for dwelling use. Commercialized in 2009, the cells extract hydrogen from pure gasoline, generate energy by reacting it with oxygen, warmth and retailer scorching water, and ship as much as 500 watts of emergency energy for eight days in a catastrophe. Final yr, it started promoting a pure hydrogen model focused at business customers. It needs to promote the gas cells within the U.S. and Europe as a result of governments there have more aggressive hydrogen cost-cutting measures than Japan. In 2021, the U.S. Division of Vitality launched a so-called Hydrogen Shot program that goals to slash the price of clear hydrogen by 80% to $1 per 1 kilogram over 10 years. 

Panasonic would not plan to extend the dimensions of its H2 Kibou Subject in the intervening time, desirous to see different firms and factories undertake comparable vitality techniques.

It will not essentially make financial sense as we speak, Kawamura says, “however we need to begin one thing like this so will probably be prepared when the price of hydrogen falls. Our message is: if we need to have 100% renewable vitality in 2030, then we should begin with one thing like this now, not in 2030.”

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